Despite the abundance of attractions, nature of Belarus is still the main landmark of the country. Its territory is inhabited by hundreds of rare species of animals and plants, owing to the predominantly flat relief of the land.



The landscape of Belarus is very picturesque. It is a land of vast plants and green hills, big forests and meadows. Belarus is a very green landscape. Natural vegetation covers 93.1% of the land, and 1/3 of all green landscape is forest. In Belarus forests, 28 types of trees, as well as around 70 types of shrubberies, can be found. They include:

  • birch;
  • pine;
  • conifers;
  • oak.

Belarus is called “The Lungs of Europe” thanks to the abundance of forests on its territory, which occupy 40% of the area of Belarus. National Parks and Reserves are one of the Belarusian greatest landmarks that the locals are so proud of.



The nature of Belarus is diverse. In the north, mostly spruce and grey alder prevail, and the center and south of the country abound in pine and oak forests. Of special interest are these forests for hunters and fishermen.

Today, there are four national parks in Belarus: Bialowieza Forest, Naroch National Park, Braslav Lakes, Pripyat National Park, and two reserves: Berezinsky and Polesye Radiation and  Ecology Reserve. Typically, reserves are closed to tourists, but you can still visit some of them by going for an eco-tour or to a museum. All protected nature areas were established in the 20th century.


Water system

The country is rich in water resources. Belarus totals about 10 thousand lakes and 30 thousand of rivers, which run into the Black and Baltic seas. The main rivers are the Dnieper, the Western Dvina, and the Neman. Our rivers are flat, calm and not very deep. Another feature of the Belarusian nature is a dense grid of rivers and lakes located throughout the country. The largest of the lakes is the Naroch, the pride of the republic.


Animals and birds

Around 76 species of vertebrate animals have been recorded in Belarus, including:

  • elks4;
  • deer;
  • wild boar;
  • beavers;
  • wolves.

There are also around 300 species of bird in Belarus. The Belarus Red Book was created to protect rare and vanishing species of plants and animals.

Currently protected and recorded within the Red Book are:

  • 17 mammal species;
  • 72 bird species;
  • 4 amphibian species;
  • 10 types of fish;
  • 72 types of insects.

A large number of wildlife reserves and sanctuaries have been set up across Belarus to protect its rich diversity of wildlife. In the forests of Belarus, it is quite often possible to meet a moose, deer, wild boar or wolves. The European bison is of particular interest for travellers-photographers, which is the largest animal in Europe. Mute swan, yellow heron, cormorant, and spoonbill are the endangered birds that deserve attention.