Belarus has a temperate-continental climate with moderate features which is characteristic for Central Europe, with hot summers, long, cold winters, and very distinct seasons.
The annual average temperature is about 7°C. In general, there are no significant differences between the districts of Belarus, due to the small size of the country. Daytime temperatures vary from -5-0°C in the winter and 25-30°C in summer months. The winter usually lasts between 100 and 120 days, and sometimes the weather can be very harsh then, with strong northeasterly winds and snowstorms. However, in some years the winters are mild with westerly winds and temperatures around or even above zero.
The summer lasts about 150 days in Belarus and is most of the time sunny and dry. Local thunderstorms are quite common in the late afternoon and evening and can be very heavy sometimes. Spring and Autumn can be damp and rainy when low-pressure systems from the Atlantic have more influence on the Weather; the first snow can already fall mid-October in some years.
Average temperatures in Belarus
Average temperatures vary across Belarus. In January, temperatures average from -4.5°C to -8°C. In July the average temperature is +17°C to +18.5°C. Some parts of Belarus experience sub-zero temperatures for more than a third of the year.
Air humidity, cloudiness, precipitation
On average, 600-700 mm of precipitation falls per year. 70% of precipitation in the form of rain falls in April – October. The number of snow days in Belarus ranges from 75 in the south-west to 125 in the northeast. The maximum height of the snow cover is from 15 to 30 cm, respectively.
The average wind speed is 3 m/s. In winter, the wind blows more often from the southwest and in summer from the northwest. Wind speeds increase during the cold period, and there are about 5-10 days a year, during which there is an increase in wind speed up to 15 m/s and more in open areas. Storms and tornadoes are occasionally observed.
Rain and snow in Belarus
Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 600-700 mm. 70% of the rain falls from April to October. Belarus also enjoys 75-125 days of snow each year, with falls ranging from 15 to 30cm.
When is a good time to travel?
Belarus rarely experiences the extremes of temperature that can make travelling difficult. Indeed, if you don’t mind the cold then it can be very beautiful to visit during the winter months. If you prefer a warmer trip then you should go in the middle of the year.