Getting a permanent residence permit in Belarus
A permanent residence in Belarus (hereinafter — PRP) is almost equivalent to a Belarusian passport.
It grants foreigners the same scope of rights that Belarusian citizens have:
- the right to free medical services;
- the right to free education;
- the right to receive benefits and pensions on an equal basis with Belarusian citizens.
How to get a permanent residence permit in Belarus?
If you have lived in Belarus for 7 years with a temporary residence, you have the right to get a residence permit.
Who can get a residence permit in Belarus?
A citizen of any country can get a residence permit in Belarus if there are the reasons we have listed above.
Russian citizens do not need a special reason to get a residence permit. It’s enough the fact of being a citizen of the Russian Federation.
The period of consideration of documents for residence permits takes from 1 to 6 months depending on the reason for obtaining them.
Documents for application
In order to get a PRP, you must go to the Citizenship and Migration Department (schedule and addresses of CMDs) for your respective district (depending on the place where you live) and ask for the list of required documents. Currently, the list contains the following documents:
- application (is given at the CaMD itself);
- document on the presence or absence of convictions brought against you;
- in the state you previously lived in and its translation (if the document is not originally in Russian);
- passport (the document certifying the right of going abroad) and its copy. You’ll need its notarized translation into Russian or Belarusian (if it is not originally in Russian);
- a document certifying the ground of obtaining the PRP. For instance, a marriage certificate;
- 4 coloured identity pictures 4х5 cm;
- medical certificate;
- a document certifying the appointment to DACTO – fingerprint scanning procedure;
- receipts certifying the payment of state fee and payment for the PRP form;
- documents on the registration in the place of living and documents certifying the possibility of permanently residing in that place. For instance, documents confirming the right of ownership or a lease or tenancy agreement. For information on registering in the place of living please refer to our previous materials.
Depending on a particular situation and grounds of obtaining the PRP, the list of documents is subject to change. Yet the core documents remain the same.
One of the first things you should do is go through a fingerprint scanning procedure (DACTO). Since the results are normally forwarded to the CaMD within a month the PRP procedure wouldn’t start without it. DACTO is free of charge. Be sure to take wet wipes with you — in order to wipe away the paint.
The document on the presence or absence of convictions brought against you in the state you previously lived in may be acquired in the state of citizenship. If you do not want to or cannot go there, such documents may also be issued in the embassy or consulate of the state of your citizenship. Acquiring such a document through an embassy may cost around $30-50.
The autobiography may be written in any format. Typically, it lists the key life events — places and times of studying, working and living, information about close relatives.
In order to obtain a medical certificate, you must first go to the necessary doctors and do the necessary tests. It may be done in a regular state clinic or in private medical centres. In any case, you will have to pay for all appointments and tests. If you decide to go through the necessary procedures in a regular state clinic, be prepared to schedule appointments in advance. You’ll need to do HIV and syphilis tests, as well as to go to dermatovenerologist. Also, pay attention to the terms. Some tests are valid for a month, some — for three days. A medical certificate is valid from the day of its issuance. The approximate sum you will have to spend on going through the necessary medical procedures is 200-250 Belarusian rubles (approximately 80-100 euro).
The document on the registration in the place of living may be obtained in the Accounting and Information Centre (hereinafter — the AIC) of the district where you are registered or plan to be registered. In order to obtain this document, you must go to the AIC with documents related to the flat (house) and the owner of the flat (house), fill out an application and obtain the certificate. The procedure takes approximately 30 minutes.
State fee for obtaining the PRP is 2 basic units (approximately 20 euro). The PRP form costs 1 basic unit (approximately 10 euro). Registration in the place of living costs 0,5 basic units (approximately 5 euro).
Once you submit all the necessary documents to the CaMD, you are to receive your PRP within 3 months. You will first receive a letter to your place of registration stating whether or not the CaMD is ready to give you the PRP. Then go to the CaMD one more time with additional documents as stipulated in the letter. The first PRP is usually issued for 2 years and it may further be extended for 5 more years if you still have grounds for having it.
Reasons for losing the permanent residence permit in Belarus
Foreign citizens can also lose their right to have a PRP if they:
- moved to a different country to reside there;
- reported false information in the submitted documents;
- have been expelled or deported from the Republic of Belarus;
- no longer have grounds on the basis of which the PRP was obtained. For instance, getting divorced annuls the right of having the PRP on the basis of marriage);
- hold a national passport that has expired;
- committed a crime.
- had 5 or more administrative penalties imposed on them within a year
- have not paid an administrative penalty in time;
- are a threat to national security, public order, health, morals, rights and liberties of other citizens — i.e. if they violate Belarusian laws;
- have not had a permanent source of income for the past 6 months and neither have members of their families;
- have been granted Belarusian citizenship.